大号轻量?腾讯云SA3测试

标准型 SA3 实例采用最新一代 AMD EPYC™ 处理器的实例,提供多种规格,具有超高性价比。此实例提供了平衡的计算、存储、网络资源,是众多应用程序的最佳选择。

其实例采用 AMD EPYC™ Milan 全新处理器,内存采用最新 DDR4,默认网络优化,最高内网收发能力达1900万pps,最高内网带宽可支持100Gbps。

本次测试的服务器为SA3.MEDIUM4,vCPU及内存为2C4G,未安装BBR等加速内核,以下为部分其他配置

规格

vCPU

内存(GB)

网络收发包(pps)(出+入)

连接数

队列数

内网带宽能力(Gbps)(出+入)

主频

备注

SA3.MEDIUM2

2

2

30万

25万

2

1.5

2.55GHz

SA3.MEDIUM4

2

4

30万

25万

2

1.5

2.55GHz

SA3.MEDIUM8

2

8

30万

25万

2

1.5

2.55GHz

SA3.LARGE8

4

8

50万

25万

4

2

2.55GHz

SA3.LARGE16

4

16

50万

25万

4

2

2.55GHz

SA3.2XLARGE16

8

16

80万

50万

8

4

2.55GHz

SA3.2XLARGE32

8

32

80万

50万

8

4

2.55GHz

SA3.4XLARGE32

16

32

150万

110万

16

7

2.55GHz

SA3.4XLARGE64

16

64

150万

110万

16

7

2.55GHz

完整配置见腾讯云官网的 产品介绍页

Bench.sh 测试

Bench.sh 可以查看 Linux 系统信息,还可以测试网络带宽及硬盘读写速率 由于是国内服务器,所以不对网络进行测试了,这里放出系统信息和硬盘速率

-------------------- A Bench.sh Script By Teddysun -------------------
 Version            : v2022-02-22
 Usage              : wget -qO- bench.sh | bash
----------------------------------------------------------------------
 CPU Model          : AMD EPYC 7K83 64-Core Processor
 CPU Cores          : 2 @ 2545.218 MHz
 CPU Cache          : 512 KB
 AES-NI             : Enabled
 VM-x/AMD-V         : Disabled
 Total Disk         : 78.7 GB (2.1 GB Used)
 Total Mem          : 3.5 GB (168.2 MB Used)
 System uptime      : 0 days, 2 hour 44 min
 Load average       : 0.00, 0.00, 0.06
 OS                 : Debian GNU/Linux 11
 Arch               : x86_64 (64 Bit)
 Kernel             : 5.10.0-12-amd64
 TCP CC             : cubic
 Virtualization     : KVM
 Organization       : AS45090 Shenzhen Tencent Computer Systems Company Limited
 Location           : Beijing / CN
 Region             : Beijing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
 I/O Speed(1st run) : 301 MB/s
 I/O Speed(2nd run) : 278 MB/s
 I/O Speed(3rd run) : 278 MB/s
 I/O Speed(average) : 285.7 MB/s
----------------------------------------------------------------------

 

其高性能云硬盘速度达到了280MB/s,为普通的SSD水品,介于机械硬盘和NVME硬盘之间,比之前测试的腾讯云轻量应用服务器较好

LemonBench

限于篇幅,此处只放出CPU&内存&硬盘的测试结果,完整结果见UbuntuPastebin

-> CPU Performance Test (Standard Mode, 3-Pass @ 30sec)


 1 Thread Test:			3671 Scores
 2 Threads Test:		4152 Scores


 -> Memory Performance Test (Standard Mode, 3-Pass @ 30sec)


 1 Thread - Read Test :		46248.03 MB/s
 1 Thread - Write Test:		26844.49 MB/s


 -> Disk Speed Test (4K Block/1M Block, Direct-Write)


 Test Name		Write Speed				Read Speed
 10MB-4K Block		10.0 MB/s (2431 IOPS, 1.05 s)		20.6 MB/s (5022 IOPS, 0.51 s)
 10MB-1M Block		135 MB/s (128 IOPS, 0.08 s)		264 MB/s (251 IOPS, 0.04 s)
 100MB-4K Block		10.0 MB/s (2446 IOPS, 10.47 s)		20.4 MB/s (4971 IOPS, 5.15 s)
 100MB-1M Block		180 MB/s (171 IOPS, 0.58 s)		385 MB/s (367 IOPS, 0.27 s)
 1GB-4K Block		9.9 MB/s (2427 IOPS, 105.45 s)		16.1 MB/s (3921 IOPS, 65.29 s)
 1GB-1M Block		200 MB/s (191 IOPS, 5.23 s)		315 MB/s (300 IOPS, 3.33 s)

 

CPU(EPYC 7K83)单核分数达到了3671分,对比曾经测试的硅谷轻量(Gold 6133 CPU)的905分和成都轻量(EPYC 7K62)的1304分有了不小的提升,可见这颗”芯”还是不错的

内网测试

既然提到了内网,那不测一下怎么行,简单跑了下iperf3

Connecting to host 172.16.xxx.xxx, port 5201
[  5] local 172.16.xxx.xxx port 44176 connected to 172.16.xxx.xxx port 5201
[ ID] Interval           Transfer     Bitrate         Retr  Cwnd
[  5]   0.00-1.00   sec   307 MBytes  2.57 Gbits/sec  3144    131 KBytes
[  5]   1.00-2.00   sec   200 MBytes  1.68 Gbits/sec  1378   48.3 KBytes
[  5]   2.00-3.00   sec   177 MBytes  1.48 Gbits/sec  1795   68.9 KBytes
[  5]   3.00-4.00   sec   167 MBytes  1.41 Gbits/sec  790   75.8 KBytes
[  5]   4.00-5.00   sec   219 MBytes  1.83 Gbits/sec  1926   97.9 KBytes
[  5]   5.00-6.00   sec   154 MBytes  1.30 Gbits/sec  2055   60.7 KBytes
[  5]   6.00-7.00   sec   213 MBytes  1.79 Gbits/sec  2433   97.9 KBytes
[  5]   7.00-8.00   sec   155 MBytes  1.30 Gbits/sec  1052    262 KBytes
[  5]   8.00-9.00   sec   211 MBytes  1.77 Gbits/sec  1478   81.4 KBytes
[  5]   9.00-10.00  sec   158 MBytes  1.32 Gbits/sec  2225   24.8 KBytes


---


[ ID] Interval           Transfer     Bitrate         Retr
[  5]   0.00-10.00  sec  1.92 GBytes  1.65 Gbits/sec  18276             sender
[  5]   0.00-10.00  sec  1.91 GBytes  1.64 Gbits/sec                  receiver


iperf Done.

 

达到了1.5~2.0Gbits/sec 符合预期水平

UnixBench

UnixBench 是一款开源的测试 Unix 系统基本性能的工具,是比较通用的测试VPS性能的工具 完整数据见 UbuntuPastebin

单任务:

Benchmark Run: Fri Apr 29 2022 22:53:07 - 23:21:05
2 CPUs in system; running 1 parallel copy of tests


Dhrystone 2 using register variables       44734686.7 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)
Double-Precision Whetstone                     7618.1 MWIPS (9.9 s, 7 samples)
Execl Throughput                               5861.2 lps   (30.0 s, 2 samples)
File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks       1217379.1 KBps  (30.0 s, 2 samples)
File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks          318649.6 KBps  (30.0 s, 2 samples)
File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks       3650531.6 KBps  (30.0 s, 2 samples)
Pipe Throughput                             2405640.6 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)
Pipe-based Context Switching                  50809.9 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)
Process Creation                              11187.2 lps   (30.0 s, 2 samples)
Shell Scripts (1 concurrent)                  12000.6 lpm   (60.0 s, 2 samples)
Shell Scripts (8 concurrent)                   1855.0 lpm   (60.0 s, 2 samples)
System Call Overhead                        2576839.6 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)


System Benchmarks Index Values               BASELINE       RESULT    INDEX
Dhrystone 2 using register variables         116700.0   44734686.7   3833.3
Double-Precision Whetstone                       55.0       7618.1   1385.1
Execl Throughput                                 43.0       5861.2   1363.1
File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks          3960.0    1217379.1   3074.2
File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks            1655.0     318649.6   1925.4
File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks          5800.0    3650531.6   6294.0
Pipe Throughput                               12440.0    2405640.6   1933.8
Pipe-based Context Switching                   4000.0      50809.9    127.0
Process Creation                                126.0      11187.2    887.9
Shell Scripts (1 concurrent)                     42.4      12000.6   2830.3
Shell Scripts (8 concurrent)                      6.0       1855.0   3091.7
System Call Overhead                          15000.0    2576839.6   1717.9
                                                                   ========
System Benchmarks Index Score                                        1760.1

 

多任务:

Benchmark Run: Fri Apr 29 2022 23:21:05 - 23:49:06
2 CPUs in system; running 2 parallel copies of tests


Dhrystone 2 using register variables       68864489.9 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)
Double-Precision Whetstone                    13038.2 MWIPS (9.9 s, 7 samples)
Execl Throughput                               7893.6 lps   (29.9 s, 2 samples)
File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks       1514472.5 KBps  (30.0 s, 2 samples)
File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks          398094.6 KBps  (30.0 s, 2 samples)
File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks       4636873.7 KBps  (30.0 s, 2 samples)
Pipe Throughput                             3149205.4 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)
Pipe-based Context Switching                 439878.2 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)
Process Creation                              19942.3 lps   (30.0 s, 2 samples)
Shell Scripts (1 concurrent)                  14120.6 lpm   (60.0 s, 2 samples)
Shell Scripts (8 concurrent)                   1881.0 lpm   (60.0 s, 2 samples)
System Call Overhead                        3376550.5 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)


System Benchmarks Index Values               BASELINE       RESULT    INDEX
Dhrystone 2 using register variables         116700.0   68864489.9   5901.0
Double-Precision Whetstone                       55.0      13038.2   2370.6
Execl Throughput                                 43.0       7893.6   1835.7
File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks          3960.0    1514472.5   3824.4
File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks            1655.0     398094.6   2405.4
File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks          5800.0    4636873.7   7994.6
Pipe Throughput                               12440.0    3149205.4   2531.5
Pipe-based Context Switching                   4000.0     439878.2   1099.7
Process Creation                                126.0      19942.3   1582.7
Shell Scripts (1 concurrent)                     42.4      14120.6   3330.3
Shell Scripts (8 concurrent)                      6.0       1881.0   3135.0
System Call Overhead                          15000.0    3376550.5   2251.0
                                                                   ========
System Benchmarks Index Score                                        2760.2

 

作为对比,上海地区轻量的得分为单核1478.6,多核2666.8,SA3依然更胜一筹

总结

SA3 作为采用最新一代 AMD EPYC™ 处理器的实例,绝不仅仅是一个“大号轻量”,对比轻量应用服务器更能胜任需要运算性能的环境,但相应的价格也会更高。针对不同的使用环境来选择依然是亘古不变的道理。

本文来自开发者投稿,不代表腾讯云立场,转载请注明出处:https://computeinit.com/archives/7456

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