简单主机网络隔离方案

如果想隔离主机中进程的网络环境,可以使用network namespace来做。隔离方法很多种,本文介绍几种简单的可行方案。

前言

如果想隔离主机中进程的网络环境,可以使用network namespace(后面简称ns)来做。隔离方法很多种,本文介绍几种简单的可行方案。

实验环境准备

实验环境使用腾讯云上的两台cvm主机,两台机器在同一vpc同一子网下(underlay网络),这样两台机器天然内网互通。

cvm-1:

ubuntu@VM-6-43-ubuntu:~$ ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:9c:e7:91 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.0.6.43/24 brd 10.0.6.255 scope global eth0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:fe9c:e791/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

cvm-2:

ubuntu@VM-6-46-ubuntu:~$ ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:75:e7:ca brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.0.6.46/24 brd 10.0.6.255 scope global eth0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:fe75:e7ca/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

我们之后的配置都在cvm-1上操作进行,使用cvm-2测试网络连通性。

方案详解

简单主机网络隔离方案

双网卡

方案概览:

简单主机网络隔离方案

设置方法:

#!/bin/bash

myns=blue

ip net add $myns
ip link set eth1 netns $myns
ip net exec $myns ip link set eth1 name eth0

ip net exec $myns ip addr add 10.0.6.14/24 dev eth0
ip net exec $myns ip link set eth0 up

ip net exec $myns ip route add default via 10.0.6.1 dev eth0

设置后机器上的网络情况为:

root@VM-6-43-ubuntu:/home/ubuntu# ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:9c:e7:91 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.0.6.43/24 brd 10.0.6.255 scope global eth0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:fe9c:e791/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
root@VM-6-43-ubuntu:/home/ubuntu# ip net exec blue ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK> mtu 65536 qdisc noop state DOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
4: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 20:90:6f:a4:6b:7e brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.0.6.14/24 scope global eth0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::2290:6fff:fea4:6b7e/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

和另一台cvm测试网络连通性:

//隔离环境连通另外一台cvm
root@VM-6-43-ubuntu:/home/ubuntu# ip net exec blue ping 10.0.6.46 -c 3PING 10.0.6.46 (10.0.6.46) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.6.46: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.145 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.46: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.168 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.46: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.204 ms

--- 10.0.6.46 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2037ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.145/0.172/0.204/0.026 ms

//另一台cvm连通隔离环境
ubuntu@VM-6-46-ubuntu:~$ ping 10.0.6.14 -c 3
PING 10.0.6.14 (10.0.6.14) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.6.14: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.172 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.14: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.178 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.14: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.174 ms

--- 10.0.6.14 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2040ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.172/0.174/0.178/0.015 ms

单网卡

双IP

方案概览:

简单主机网络隔离方案

 本方案创建一个虚拟网卡,使用ipvlan的L2模式,设置方法如下:

#!/bin/bash

myns=blue
tmpName=ipv1

ip net add $myns
ip link add link eth0 name $tmpName type ipvlan mode l2
ip link set $tmpName netns $myns
ip net exec $myns ip link set $tmpName name eth0
ip net exec $myns ip addr add 10.0.6.22/24 dev eth0
ip net exec $myns ip link set eth0 up

ip net exec $myns ip route add default via 10.0.6.1 dev eth0

设置后隔离环境网络情况为:

root@VM-6-43-ubuntu:/home/ubuntu# ip net exec blue ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK> mtu 65536 qdisc noop state DOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
4: eth0@if3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:9c:e7:91 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.0.6.22/24 scope global eth0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::5254:0:19c:e791/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

和另一台cvm测试网络连通性:

//隔离环境连通另外一台cvm
root@VM-6-43-ubuntu:/home/ubuntu# ip net exec blue ping 10.0.6.46 -c 3PING 10.0.6.46 (10.0.6.46) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.6.46: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.297 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.46: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.204 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.46: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.183 ms

--- 10.0.6.46 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2033ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.183/0.228/0.297/0.049 ms

//另一台cvm连通隔离环境
ubuntu@VM-6-46-ubuntu:~$ ping 10.0.6.22 -c 3
PING 10.0.6.22 (10.0.6.22) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.6.22: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.164 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.22: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.169 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.22: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.175 ms

--- 10.0.6.22 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2039ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.164/0.169/0.175/0.011 ms

单IP — 隔离网络使用fake ip

方案概览:

简单主机网络隔离方案

设置方法如下:

#!/bin/bash

myns=blue

ip net add $myns
ip link add veth0 type veth peer name veth_host

ip link set veth0 netns $myns
ip net exec $myns ip link set veth0 name eth0
ip net exec $myns ip addr add 169.250.1.2/24 dev eth0
ip net exec $myns ip link set eth0 up
ip net exec $myns ip route add default via 169.250.1.1 dev eth0

ip link set veth_host up
ip addr add 169.250.1.1/24 dev veth_host

iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 169.250.1.2  -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

设置后主机环境网络情况为:

root@VM-6-43-ubuntu:/home/ubuntu# ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:9c:e7:91 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.0.6.43/24 brd 10.0.6.255 scope global eth0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:fe9c:e791/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
4: veth_host@if5: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 9a:c1:6d:de:de:b7 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netnsid 0
    inet 169.250.1.1/24 scope global veth_host
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::98c1:6dff:fede:deb7/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

设置后隔离环境网络情况为:

root@VM-6-43-ubuntu:/home/ubuntu# ip net exec blue ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK> mtu 65536 qdisc noop state DOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
5: eth0@if4: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 16:8d:05:d9:34:44 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netnsid 0
    inet 169.250.1.2/24 scope global eth0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::148d:5ff:fed9:3444/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

和另一台cvm测试网络连通性:

//隔离环境连通另外一台cvm
root@VM-6-43-ubuntu:/home/ubuntu# ip net exec blue ping 10.0.6.46 -c 3PING 10.0.6.46 (10.0.6.46) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.6.46: icmp_seq=1 ttl=63 time=0.323 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.46: icmp_seq=2 ttl=63 time=0.201 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.46: icmp_seq=3 ttl=63 time=0.238 ms

--- 10.0.6.46 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2036ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.201/0.254/0.323/0.051 ms

本方案从外部cvm访问隔离网络中服务需要配置DNAT。

单IP — 主机网络使用fake ip

方案概览:

简单主机网络隔离方案

设置方法如下:

#!/bin/bash

myns=blue

ip net add $myns
ip link add veth0 type veth peer name veth_host

ip link set veth0 netns $myns
ip link set eth0 netns $myns

ip net exec $myns ip addr add 169.250.1.2/24 dev veth0
ip net exec $myns ip link set veth0 up

ip net exec $myns ip addr add 10.0.6.43/24 dev eth0
ip net exec $myns ip link set eth0 up

ip net exec $myns ip route add default via 10.0.6.1 dev eth0

ip link set veth_host up
ip addr add 169.250.1.1/24 dev veth_host

ip route add default via 169.250.1.2 dev veth_host

ip net exec $myns iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 169.250.1.1 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
ip net exec $myns sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

这里设置后之前通过ssh登录到主机环境会断开无法登录,需要使用cvm提供的vnc方式登录。

设置后主机环境网络情况为:

简单主机网络隔离方案

设置后隔离环境网络情况为:

简单主机网络隔离方案

和另一台cvm测试网络连通性:

隔离环境连通另外一台cvm:

简单主机网络隔离方案
//另一台cvm连通隔离环境
ubuntu@VM-6-46-ubuntu:~$ ping 10.0.6.43 -c 3
PING 10.0.6.43 (10.0.6.43) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.6.43: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.188 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.43: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.190 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.6.43: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.183 ms

--- 10.0.6.43 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2049ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.183/0.187/0.190/0.003 ms

本方案从外部cvm访问主机网络中服务需要配置DNAT。

本文来自腾讯云计算社区,转载请注明出处:https://computeinit.com/archives/2870

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